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His mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. Bartolomeo worked in a cartography workshop in Lisbon for at least part of his adulthood. In one of his writings, he says he went to sea at the age of Inthe Columbus family moved to Savonawhere Domenico took over a tavern.
Some modern historians have argued that he was not from Genoa but, instead, from the Aragon region of Spain  or from Portugal. Later, he allegedly made a trip to Chiosan Aegean island then ruled by Genoa. He docked in BristolEngland  and GalwayIreland. Inhe was possibly in Iceland.
Columbus based himself in Lisbon from to Between andColumbus traded along the coasts of West Africareaching the Portuguese trading post of Elmina at the Guinea coast in present-day Ghana.
He returned to Portugal to settle her estate and take his son Diego with him. Columbus recognized the boy as his offspring. Columbus entrusted his older, legitimate son Diego to take care of Beatriz and pay the pension set aside for her following his death, but Diego was negligent in his duties.
According to historian Edmund MorganColumbus was not a scholarly man. Yet he studied these books, made hundreds of marginal notations in them and came out with ideas about the world that were characteristically simple and strong and sometimes wrong, For example, part of the argument that he submitted to the Spanish Catholic Monarchs when he sought their support for his proposed expedition to reach the Indies by sailing west was based on his reading of the Second Book of Esdras Ezra: Towards the end of his life, he produced a Book of Prophecies in which his career as an explorer is interpreted in the light of Christian eschatology and of apocalypticism.
With the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks inthe land route to Asia became much more difficult and dangerous. Portuguese navigators tried to find a sea way to Asia. Afonso rejected his proposal. Christian writers whose works clearly reflect the conviction that the Earth is spherical include Saint Bede the Venerable in his Reckoning of Time, written around AD Alexandria and Syene modern-day Aswan.
He also believed that Japan which he called "Cipangu", following Marco Polo was much larger, farther to the east from China "Cathay"and closer to the equator than it is, and that there were inhabited islands even farther to the east than Japan, including the mythical Antilliawhich he thought might lie not much farther to the west than the Azores.
In this, he was influenced by the ideas of Florentine astronomer, Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelliwho corresponded with Columbus in  and who also defended the feasibility of a westward route to Asia.
The true figure is now known to be vastly larger: Most European navigators reasonably concluded that a westward voyage from Europe to Asia was unfeasible. The Catholic Monarchshowever, having completed an expensive war in the Iberian Peninsulawere eager to obtain a competitive edge over other European countries in the quest for trade with the Indies.
Nautical considerations Though Columbus was wrong about the number of degrees of longitude that separated Europe from the Far East and about the distance that each degree represented, he did possess valuable knowledge about the trade windswhich would prove to be the key to his successful navigation of the Atlantic Ocean.
The precise first land sighting and landing point was San Salvador Island. Instead, Columbus returned home by following the curving trade winds northeastward to the middle latitudes of the North Atlantic, where he was able to catch the " westerlies " that blow eastward to the coast of Western Europe.To What Extent Christopher Columber Was a Pioneer?
Essay Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born in in Genoa, Italy and died in Christopher Columbus, Edward Everett Hale (). “The Life of Christopher Columbus – Discover The True Story of the Great Voyage & All the Adventures of the Infamous Explorer”, p.6, Madison & .
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Christopher Columbus (/ k He continued to seek a passage to the East Indies, and the extent to which he was aware that the Americas were a wholly separate landmass is uncertain; he gave the name indios ("Indians") to the indigenous peoples he encountered.
Is Christopher Columbus guilty of genocide? 1 Of murder? On the date of the columbian quincentennary in , But what exactly was the full extent of Colón's crimes against humanity?
That is the subject we address here. What was the initial population of Española prior to Colón's arrival? We know that the aboriginal population of Taino.
Christopher Columbus was born in in Genoa, Italy and died in He is the one who discovered the continent of America. He is a navigator, colonizer, and explorer.
He had four voyages to accomplish his goal, which was to find the new land that Europeans .