The issue of deforestation and overpopulation in the environment

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The issue of deforestation and overpopulation in the environment

Deforestation in Haiti A satellite image of the border between the denuded landscape of Haiti left and the Dominican Republic right.

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Soil erosion often decreases agricultural yields and results in deadly landslides. There are two major reasons, both of which are economic in nature, for deforestation in Haiti. First, wood is burned as charcoal for energy.

Second, the land is needed for agricultural productionwhich is the base of the Haitian economy. Charcoal[ edit ] Charcoalcreated by burning wood, is the primary source of energy for Haitian residents. Conservative estimates calculate the illegal movement of tons of charcoal per week from the Dominican Republic to Haiti in Dominican officials estimate that at least 10 trucks per week are crossing the border loaded with charcoal.

An increase in off-farm employment could minimize deforestation, as this would potentially reduce the need for households to clear forest for crop. The increasing Haitian population also contributes to the degradation of the environment.

Haiti can be characterized as a low-income, high-density nation. As the population of urban areas in Haiti grows it is hard to update the already poor infrastructure to meet the needs of so many people.

In rural areas, overpopulation causes over-cultivation of land and therefore soil erosion, as nutrients are quickly depleted from the soil.

City sewerage systems are insufficient, and many citizens have to use septic tanks. Local drainage systems primarily consist of open channels dug along the side of the road. The densely populated capital of Port-au-Prince is especially at risk for water-bourne diseaseswith many of its citizens residing on flood plains in poorly constructed housing and a generally under-developed waste management system.

A Cholera epidemic was reported in Haiti in October, after the infection was brought to the country by peacekeeping troops providing aid after a devastating earthquake struck the region. Infections have continued to occur since the initial epidemic, which raises questions as to whether there is an established environmental reservoir of Cholera in Haiti.

Environmental reservoirs are environmental sources where the bacterium can survive between outbreaks of the disease. There is evidence that conditions are appropriate for Cholera to establish environmental reservoirs in the water of Haiti.

Both improving sanitation and monitoring potential environmental reservoirs are necessary to reduce the spread of Cholera throughout Haiti. Factors that make Haiti more vulnerable than other Caribbean nations, such as the Dominican Republic, are its higher population density, extensive deforestation, extreme soil erosion, and high income-inequality.

Since the mean annual rainfall has decreased by 5mm per month per decade, and mean temperatures have increased by.

Sea-level rise is projected to rise between. The intensity of Atlantic hurricanes in Haiti has increased substantially since These storms frequently result in loss of human life, loss of livestock, destruction of agriculture, soil erosion, a spike in water-borne diseases, and decreased food security.

Large amounts of rain, barren hills resulting from deforestation, and poor drainage infrastructure leave Haiti especially susceptible to flooding after tropical storms. FromHaiti had more deaths due to natural disasters than any other country in the insular Caribbean.

A significant reason why other Caribbean countries experience lower death rates than Haiti is that their investment in physical infrastructure and human resources have led to risk reduction and successful disaster management.

Unfortunately, Haiti lacks both climate-resilient infrastructure and the funds to construct it. Drought particularly affects the Northwest, Artibonite, and Centre departments of Haiti.

Erratic rainfall patterns and poor water management infrastructure cause droughts, which destroy crops, reduce agricultural production, and decrease food security.Alexandra’s TEDx Talk on Overpopulation. Click here for my favorite video on overpopulation, which gives the best overview on how darn fast the number of people on earth is growing.

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Environmental Awareness - Naturalist Intelligence Environment is the area in which we live and thin layer of air that surrounds our planet that supports are the only kind of life that we know of that exists in our universe. If we did not have our environment we could not exist.

Consumers I question the motives of the producers of this site and film. Of course overpopulation is a problem but it’s an “inconvenient truth” ignored by practically everyone because we want/need more CONSUMERS to support our economies, buy buy buy.

In order to reduce the adverse impacts of overpopulation, mitigation measures, such as spreading awareness and education about overpopulation, enacting birth control measures and regulations, and providing universal access to birth control devices and family planning, must be taken.

Environmental issues in Haiti include a severe deforestation problem, overpopulation, a lack of sanitation, natural disasters, and food insecurity.A major reason for these environmental issues is that there is not sufficient protection or management of the country's natural resources.

The issue of deforestation and overpopulation in the environment

Human overpopulation is among the most pressing environmental issues, silently aggravating the forces behind global warming, environmental pollution, habitat loss, the sixth mass extinction, intensive farming practices and the consumption of finite natural resources, such as fresh water, arable land and fossil fuels, at speeds faster than their .

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