Female Infanticide Introduction Female infanticide is the intentional killing of infant girls. In addition to the active methods undertaken to eliminate baby girls soon after birth, neglect and discrimination leading to death and sex-selective abortion are also means by which many female children die each year. These phenomena are most prevalent in patriarchal societies in which the status of women is low and a preference for sons is built into the cultural ideology.
Practice of female infanticide across the situation, what I refer to as gendered arrangement, is old and commonly misunderstood. There are girls per boys between the ages of 0 and 6.
Future estimates paint a grim picture of the imbalanced demographic slide, the effects of which, research estimates, will spill beyond India. Census of India, http: Such a view is a generalization of the fact that there is a relatively higher number of women compared to men in Europe and North America.
For a majority of the world, however, and especially in South Asia, the gender ratio favors men over women Sen, Cultural preference for boys extends to both China and the Republic of Korea as well, countries that have also had a history of being predominantly male; and although the Republic of Korea has been successful in reversing the gender imbalance, China continues to have a female deficit, which research says has become worse due to their one-child policy.
Historical Perspective Girls have been eliminated in India for centuries. In the past getting rid of girls was harder and was accomplished after birth by strangling the infant girl, also known as female infanticide.
During British rule over India in the 19th century, however, female infanticide was recognized as a social evil and was outlawed by the Female Infanticide Prevention Act of Wikipedia.
Current Status For the first time in 64 yearsthe number of girls years in India has dropped down to per boys Population Census of India. This fact relates to the more recent development in India, which is to eliminate girls even before birth.
This latest phenomenon became possible primarily through the misuse of ultrasound technology. It was intended to expedite the process of fixing issues by allowing doctors to visualize the fetus and detect abnormalities, including severe neurological disorders.
Certain fetal abnormalities do not surface entirely until later in pregnancy, primarily between late first trimester and early second trimester.
In such situations when fetal abnormalities can potentially threaten the life of a pregnant patient or the developing fetus, the patient may decide to abort the pregnancy.
Feticide is one of the procedures used to terminate such a pregnancy. In India, the use of ultrasound has become something more precarious than a technique used to perform neutral feticides. It is largely used to determine the sex of a fetus so that the pregnancy can be terminated if the fetus is female.
So, about half of the missing female population is from India, a country that is roughly one-third the size of the United States but that has three times as many people. Misconceptions The population census of India, conducted every 10 years, is the most reliable form of data on gender percentages in the country.
The most current population census of has helped disprove some popular research-based perceptions about sex selective abortions.
Son Preference Preference for sons over daughters is cited as the number one reason for sex selective abortions in India.
It is expected that marrying a son will extend the family lineage.
Female infanticide in India: A review of literature" practice cuts across social groups, and also, that there has been a core area of occurrence, from where it is slowly spreading to the surrounding In , when the practice of female infanticide in Madurai district of Tamil. Practice of Female Infanticide Across the World Essay Infanticide is a Terminal Abortion Procedure Infanticide has recently come to be regarded as a biologically significant phenomenon. The . A critical look at the lingering problem of female infanticide.
According to the Hindu religion, a son or a male relative must fulfill the last rites for a parent. Most people think it worthwhile to spend money on a boy who is expected to contribute to the family even after marriage, both financially and emotionally, by supporting aging parents.
Girls are primarily considered a liability until they are married off. Spending money on educating a girl is equated to investing in a venture that has already failed.
No matter how much a parent or family spends on educating their daughter, most Hindu parents will not even touch the money a daughter earns whether it is before or after she marries.
How can preferring a son be the sole reason for fewer and fewer girls in India, when girls have been consistently declining among all religiously affiliated and southern Indian states with a matrilineal society? Technology The introduction of ultrasound technology in India is also blamed for the rapid elimination of females in India.
Though sex selective abortions rose steeply after the introduction of ultrasound in India in the s, it is not technology but its misuse that is responsible for the fewer number of females.Infanticide Infanticide: the violation of the Right to Life.
Infanticide is an act that goes directly against the Right to Life of children. Although it used to be more common in the past, today we can still come across cases of infanticide, particularly against girls (female infanticide). Mindspark Interactive.
Help Uninstall EULA Privacy Uninstall EULA Privacy. National First Ladies' Library's biography for Hillary Clinton. The practice of infanticide has taken many forms over time.
Child sacrifice to supernatural figures or forces, such as that believed to have been practiced in ancient Carthage, may be only the most notorious example in the ancient world.. A frequent method of infanticide in ancient Europe and Asia was simply to abandon the infant, .
Female infanticide is the deliberate killing of newborn female children or the termination of a female fetus through selective alphabetnyc.com practice has been the cause of death for millions and is a major cause of concern in several "Third World" nations, with China and India being cited by genocide scholar Adam Jones as notable examples.
A critical look at the lingering problem of female infanticide.