The idea that a part of the Americas has a linguistic affinity with the Romance cultures as a whole can be traced back to the s, in the writing of the French Saint-Simonian Michel Chevalierwho postulated that this part of the Americas was inhabited by people of a " Latin race ", and that it could, therefore, ally itself with " Latin Europe ", ultimately overlapping the Latin Churchin a struggle with " Teutonic Europe ", " Anglo-Saxon America " and " Slavic Europe ". The Allure and Power of an Idea His argument is that French imperialists used the concept of "Latin" America as a way to counter British imperialism, as well as to challenge the German threat to France.
Successive administrations in Washington involved themselves in the domestic affairs of every Latin American state, attempting either to strengthen cooperative governments or to weaken ones that demonstrated geopolitical independence.
While repeated interventions, in themselves, suggest that the US government may not have used its power responsibly, the greater problem is that fears about political reliability consistently trumped concerns about democracy, human rights, and economic development. These fears led policymakers in Washington to embrace a long list of brutal dictators and to engage in covert backing for insurgent groups and military cabals dedicated to overthrowing established governments.
There are exceptions to this unpleasant history, but periods of genuine respect in Washington for Latin American independence were few and far between. Others have argued that, while Cuba was deeply troubling, the United States operated simply as a traditional imperial state, attempting to ensure it retained political and economic control over its weaker neighbors.
This idea is often expanded beyond discussions of US political, military, or economic engagement to focus on cultural penetration and to explain that the importation of items such as films, music, and even cartoons operated alongside other types of imperialism.
These last types of studies, which look more intently at Latin American societies than at US government decision-making, are just one piece of the scholarship on the Cold War in Latin America. Because of the importance of the Cold War in Latin America and its impact on the totality of political, economic, social, and cultural developments, it may be possible to argue that essentially any book written about Latin America from the end of World War II to the late s might be considered Cold War history.
Because exploring the totality of that literature is not possible or practical in one essay, this bibliography will focus on the substantial scholarship that explores concrete US efforts to fight the Cold War in the region, and the responses to those efforts.
It will consider works specifically part of the subfield of US—Latin American relations, which is part of the larger history of US international history.
Said differently, if only for practical purposes, this bibliography will try to draw a distinction between scholarship on the internal Cold War in Latin America and scholarship on US—Latin American relations during the Cold War period.
General Overviews The large number of broad survey texts is, in part, a function of the relative popularity of US—Latin American history courses on university campuses. These books can be divided into three subgroups: While these are broad categories, they are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
All the texts in this section attempt to provide some of the broad narrative required for introductions to the field. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.
Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.The Cold War period for the United States meant a shift in foreign policy, prioritizing ideological and anti-Communist issue.
U. S policy towards Latin America notably changed in this respect to incorporate a heightened sense of hegemonic and interventionist power over the Americas differing from earlier U. S sovereignty in the region. The end of the Cold War means, of course, that these irrationalities—which in a particular context, made sense—can be eliminated.
The relationship between the United States and Latin America can be put exclusively on its own terms. For the United States this is certainly good . Cold War Influence in Latin America The United States and the Soviet Union competed against each other during the Cold War in the second half of the 20th Century like a chess game, with the world as their chessboard and countries as pawns in their game.
For the Russians, a critical part of the chessboard was Cuba and Latin America.
An outstanding book, well written and extremely well conceived in its coverage and structure. This is a major contribution to cold war history, and will undoubtedly become the standard work on Latin America and the cold alphabetnyc.coms: 4.
For Latin America, the Cold War was anything but cold. Nor was it the so-called “long peace” afforded the world’s superpowers by their nuclear standoff. In this book, the first to take an international perspective on the postwar decades in the region, Hal Brands sets out to explain what.
Perhaps the most famous events of Latin America during the Cold War occurred in Cuba. To prove this, all we have to say is the name 'Fidel Castro'! Castro's Cuban Revolution took place between.