Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access How did Hitler consolidate power from ? This was due to many strategies and policies inflicted by the Nazis.
On September 12,Adolf Hitler became a member of this party, and at the first public meeting held in Munich, on February 24,he announced the party's programme. That programme, which remained unaltered until the party was dissolved inconsisted of twenty-five points, of which the following five are of particular interest on account of the light they throw on the matters with which the Tribunal is concerned: We demand the unification of all Germans in the Greater Germany, on the basis of the right of a self-determination of peoples.
We demand equality of rights for the German people in respect to the other nations; abrogation of the peace treaties of Versailles and Saint Germain. We demand land and territory for the sustenance of our people, and the colonisation of our surplus population.
Only a member of the race can be a citizen. A member of the race can only be one who is of German blood, without consideration of creed. Consequently no Jew can be a member of the race We demand abolition of the mercenary troops and formation of a national army.
In a typical speech at Munich on the 13th April,for example, Hitler said with regard to the Treaty of Versailles: At its foundation our movement formulated three demands. Setting aside of the Peace Treaty. Unification of all Germans.
Land and soil to feed our nation. It was in this year that the Sturmabteilung or SA was founded, with Hitler at its head, as a private pare-military force, which allegedly was to be used for the purpose of protecting NSDAP leaders from attack by rival political parties, and preserving order at NSDAP meetings, but in reality was used for fighting political opponents on the streets.
In Marchthe defendant Goering was appointed head of the SA. The procedure within the Party was governed in the most absolute way by the leadership principle" Fuehrerprinzip.
According to the principle, each Fuehrer has the right to govern, administer or decree, subject to no control of any kind and at his complete discretion, subject only to the orders he received from above.
This principle applied in the first instance to Hitler himself as the Leader of the Party, and in a lesser degree to all other party officials. All members of the Party swore an oath of " eternal allegiance " to the Leader. There were only two ways in which Germany could achieve the three main aims above-mentioned, by negotiation, or by force.
The twenty-five points of the NSDAP programme do not specifically mention the methods on which the leaders of the party proposed to rely, but the history of the Nazi regime shows that Hitler and his followers were only prepared to negotiate on the terms that their demands were conceded, and that force would be used if they were not.
On the night of November 8,an abortive putsch took place in Munich. Hitler and some of his followers burst into a meeting in the Burgerbrau Cellar, which was being addressed by the Bavarian Prime Minister Kehr, with the intention of obtaining from him a decision to march forthwith on Berlin.
On the morning of the November 9, however, no Bavarian support was forthcoming, and Hitler's demonstration was met by the armed forces of the Reichswehr and the Police. Only a few volleys were fired; and after a dozen of his followers had been killed, Hitler fled for his life, and the demonstration was over.
The defendants Streicher, Frick and Hess all took part in the attempted rising.
Hitler was later tried for high treason, and was convicted and sentenced to imprisonment. The SA was outlawed. Hitler was released from prison in and in the Schutzstaffel, or SS, was created, nominally to act as his personal bodyguard, but in reality to terrorise political opponents.
This was also the year of the publication of Mein Kampf, containing the political views and aims of Hitler, which came to be regarded as the authentic source of Nazi doctrine. Other political parties were persecuted, their property and assets confiscated, and many of their members placed in concentration camps.
On 26th April,the defendant Goering founded in Prussia the Gestapo as a secret police, and confided to the deputy leader of the Gestapo that its main task was to eliminate political opponents of National Socialism and Hitler.
On the 14th July,a law was passed declaring the NSDAP to be the only political party, and making it criminal to maintain or form any other political party. In order to place the complete control of the machinery of Government in the hands of the Nazi leaders, a series of laws and decrees were passed which reduced the powers of regional and local governments throughout Germany, transforming them into subordinate divisions of the Government of the Reich.
Representative assemblies in the Laender were abolished and with them all local elections. The Government then proceeded to secure control of the Civil Service. This was achieved by a process of centralisation, and by a careful sifting of the whole Civil Service administration.
By a law of the 7th April it was provided that officials "who were of non-Aryan descent " should be retired; and it was also decreed that " officials who because of their previous political activity cannot be guaranteed to exert themselves for the national state without reservation shall be discharged.On January 5, , two months after the conclusion of World War I and six months before the signing of the Peace Treaties at Versailles, the German Labour Party was brought into existence.
The American Empire. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer. Timeline. Introduction. The New World Before “Discovery,” and the First Contacts. Germany: Germany, country of north-central Europe. Although Germany existed as a loose polity of Germanic-speaking peoples for millennia, a united German nation in roughly its present form dates only to Modern Germany is a liberal democracy that has become ever more integrated with and central to a united Europe.
The Death of Democracy: Hitler's Rise to Power and the Downfall of the Weimar Republic [Benjamin Carter Hett] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A riveting account of how the Nazi Party came to power and how the failures of the Weimar Republic and the shortsightedness of German politicians allowed it to happen.
Why did democracy fall apart so quickly and completely in Germany. Nazi control of the Reichstag and it’s institutions was a neccesity to enable his plans.
this section looks at the methods employed by Hitler in his consolidation of power. Once the Nazi Party had taken power, or rather gained control of the Reichstag, Hitler made moves to gain control of the institutions that ran Germany on a day to Day basis. How Hitler consolidated his power Hitler was made chancellor by Hindenburg on 30th January after the previous chancellor resigned, this was Hindenburg's last resort even though Hitler and the Nazis lost 34 of their seats in the election.