Presocratic Thought An analysis of Presocratic thought presents some difficulties. Even these purportedly verbatim words often come to us in quotation from other sources, so it is difficult, if not impossible, to attribute with certainty a definite position to any one thinker.
His poems and thoughts always seemed to have a significant influence from Xanophanes, leading to most of the historians contemplating that he must have been his pupil.
Among the pre-Socratic philosophers those who went into the limelight before the time-period of Socrateshe is placed among one of the most significant ones.
If truth be told, his attempt at deciphering this philosophical mystery and a rhetorical one, some might say leads to a rather paradoxical statement rather than a satisfying answer.
And in turn, it becomes a paradox because it is impossible to think of what is not, and again, it is also impossible to think of something that cannot be thought of. The subsequent philosophers that succeeded him would work on to simply these philosophical impossibilities. His philosophical views much revolved around the nature itself.
As it was the case with most of the philosophers in ancient Greece, his ideas contrasted and collided with the contemporary ideologies and beliefs that led him to face life-threatening consequences.
Anaxagoras is credited for being the first to establish a philosophy in its entirety in Athens, a place where it would go on to reach its peak, and continue to have an impact on the society for hundreds of years to come.
He believed that in the physical world, everything contains a portion of everything else. He is credited for being the first known writer on philosophy — given that he is the only known philosopher to have authored the first surviving lines of western philosophy.
He is also a known figure in early of biology and geography. Moreover, he created the first world image of an open universe, diverting from the-then notion of closed universe and making him the first speculative astronomer in the human history.
This source acted as the prime point of differentiation for polar opposites like hot and cold, light and dark and so on. Much of his work may remain truncated, especially at the hands of subsequent generations of philosophers. But he was indeed one of the greatest minds in the ancient Greece.
One of his philosophical landmarks has been his assertion of four element theory of matter. It states that all matter is basically composed of four primary elements — earth, air, fire and water. This became one of the earliest theories to have been postulated on particle physics, although some historians see it as a hassled effort to negate the no-dualism theory of Parmenides.
He simply rejected the presence of any void or an empty space, thus contradicting the philosophical ideology of Parmenides through and through. He put forth the idea of opposite motive forces involved in building of the world — namely, love as the cause of union and strife as the cause of separation.
He also went on to become the first person to give an evolutionary account on the development of species.
It is worth noticing he tried to lay a detailed explanation to contradicting conclusions present in the physical world in days much before the development of logic. Zeno further expanded and defended the philosophical ideologies established by Parmenides, which were facing much opposition from common opinion at that time.
He propounded multiple paradoxes himself, which became as debated among later generations of philosophers. A majority of contemporary arguments on his paradoxes used to lead to dividing time and space infinitely — such as if there is a distance; there also is half of that distance and so on.
Zeno was first in the philosophical history of mankind to show the concept of infinity exists. In fact, he is best known for the theorem in geometry that is named after him.Diogenes: Diogenes, archetype of the Cynics, a Greek philosophical sect that stressed stoic self-sufficiency and the rejection of luxury.
He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, but he himself acknowledges an indebtedness to Antisthenes, by whose numerous writings he was probably. rows · This list of ancient Greek philosophers contains philosophers who studied in ancient Greece or spoke Greek. Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales and lasted through Late alphabetnyc.com of the most famous and influential Greek philosophers of all time were from the ancient Greek world, including Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Aristotle, ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history.
He was the author of a philosophical and scientific system that became the framework and vehicle for both Christian Scholasticism and medieval Islamic philosophy. Antisthenes, Greek philosopher, of Athens, who was a disciple of Socrates and is considered the founder of the Cynic school of philosophy, though Diogenes of .
rows · This list of ancient Greek philosophers contains philosophers who studied . Aug 21, · Watch video · The Greek philosopher Aristotle ( B.C.) made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to .