Digital Health Introduction In the 19th century, diseases such as dysentery, malaria, typhus and trachoma were rampant in the Land of Israel, then a backward and neglected part of the Ottoman Empire.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables is vital for a diversified and nutritious diet. Increasing dietary diversification is the most important factor in providing a wide range of micronutrients and this requires an adequate supply, access to and consumption of a variety of foods.
However, food surveys1 show continuing low consumption of fruits and vegetables in many regions of the developing world.
Horticultural interventions combined with extensive nutrition education offer a long-term, food-based strategy to control and eliminate micronutrient malnutrition. Horticultural production, relatively easy for unskilled people, can play an important role in poverty alleviation programmes and food security initiatives, providing work and income opportunities.
Fruits and vegetables can be produced on a small scale to meet a substantial part of dietary nutrient needs at the household and community level, health centres, refugee camps and related situations. Global demand for horticultural produce is expected to grow with population, rising standards of living and awareness of the health benefits of fruit and vegetables.
Dietary patterns will also change with the expected increase in per capita consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Developing countries may find new opportunities for trade in fruits and vegetables, offering a comparative advantage in the context of globalization. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO is implementing horticulture-based programmes through field operations and normative activities.
A variety of direct interventions are being implemented through field projects to improve nutrition levels and household food security in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. The project demonstrated and validated the use of food-based strategies to promote food and nutritional security.
A total of 31 men and women benefited directly from the training, including marginal, landless and women farmers, homestead owners, school teachers, adolescent schoolchildren, unemployed rural youth and NGOs.
Dietary pattern Cereals, largely rice, are the main food in Bangladesh. Nearly two-thirds of the daily diet consists of rice, some vegetables, a little amount of pulses and small quantities of fish if and when available.
Milk, milk products and meat are consumed only occasionally and in very small amounts. Fruit consumption is seasonal and includes mainly papaya and banana which are cultivated round the year. The dietary intake of cooking oil and fat is meagre.
The typical rural diet in Bangladesh is, reportedly, not well balanced. In addition, cultural norms dictate a better diet for males over females with the male head of the household getting the best meal portions.
Persistent poverty, inadequate nutrition information and gender inequity cause pervasive malnutrition among women, especially pregnant women and lactating mothers. While food habits vary at regional and even individual household levels, in general, food preparation methods result in significant nutrient loss.
Minerals and vitamins, especially B-complex vitamins are lost 40 percent of thiamine and niacin even during the washing of rice before cooking. Boiling rice and then discarding the water results in even more nutrient losses.
The manner of washing and cooking vegetables leads to considerable loss of vitamin C and B-complex vitamins. Rural consumption of leafy and non-leafy vegetables has remained more or less the same over the past two decades after increasing over the preceding 30 years.
Fruit consumption has declined in rural areas after more than doubling in the s. With an average national per capita consumption of 23 g of leafy vegetables, 89 g of non-leafy vegetables and 14 g of fruit, the average Bangladeshi eats a total of g of fruit and vegetables daily. Nutritional status Despite considerable improvement in the national rural health status, the nutritional well-being of rural people continues to be neglected.
At the same time, new health problems related to over-nutrition such as obesity are emerging.
Maternal undernutrition body mass index less than Low birth weight is more common among adolescent mothers. Marriage at very young age has serious consequences for pregnancy, future survival, health, growth and development. When combined with positive energy balance adequate energy intake in later life, LBW increases the risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease.Community Workers Help Reduce Costs of Treating Malaria.
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The 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS ) will take place in Amsterdam, Netherlands from 23 – 27 July ECF grants have gone toward community projects such as aiding the homeless, stocking food banks, helping at-risk children succeed in school, providing job training for the unemployed, funding critical health services, supporting veterans programs and more.