Messenger During World War I, severe post-traumatic reactions reached an epidemic scale that surpassed anything known from previous armed conflicts.
Themes Madness The idea of madness is central to Regeneration. At its simplest level, madness is the problem that plagues the soldiers at Craiglockhart War Hospital, the problem that the psychiatrists long to "heal.
In short, madness translates into an inability to act in a manner that normal society considers rational. These "mad" men live outside the bounds of what is socially acceptable, and are therefore removed from their duty, labeled as "shell-shocked," and hidden away in a war hospital in Scotland.
For many of the men, such treatment only further exacerbates their problems, leaving them feeling shamed and emasculated over their breakdown. A deeper level, however, the question of madness is one that Barker leaves unanswered. The most important "regeneration" in the novel is the fact that Rivers begins to question the very nature of madness; as a character, he grows into a new type of person, one who challenges the assumptions of his society.
He begins to wonder whether it truly was madness for these men to break down in the face of such horror and death, or whether it was madness that so many men including Rivers himself blindly followed a program of war and decimation in the first place.
Rivers begins to wonder if he himself is mad for "healing" patients only to send them back to war to be killed. The novel provides no easy answer, but instead provokes further thought about the question of madness and the nature of sanity.
Love Between Men Love and intimate friendship between men is a continual theme in the novel, as all of the soldiers and doctors in the novel are male.
On the battlefield, love between men is an accepted and desirable occurrence. Sassoon is complemented on the love and dedication he demonstrates for the men who serve in his division.
Such a relationship involves a level of caring and comradeship for fellow soldiers. Society looks upon such love favorably, as it engenders a better army. However, there are bounds to the acceptable societal level of male emotional interaction in Regeneration. In Chapter 17, Rivers mentions these limits.
He tells Sassoon that although comradeship is encouraged, "at the same time there's always this little niggle of anxiety.
Is it the right kind of love? Rivers suggests that in wartime, the reaction to homosexuality would only be more intolerant than in peacetime, as the authorities would want to make it clear that there are penalties for the wrong kind of love.
From this perspective, love between men—and male emotional relationships more generally—are a smaller part of a larger goal of curbing what is deemed socially unacceptable behavior. Homosexuals, like shell-shock victims, are outside the boundaries of normal social interaction.
This being the case, Sassoon's homosexuality is an underlying threat to the stability of the social order. Through his sexual preference, he challenges the control of the state exerted in wartime, and his character emerges as a more complicated and controversial figure.
Parenthood Parenthood is linked in the novel to comradeship and caring. Parent-like protectiveness appears as a natural reaction to having men under one's command or patients under one's watch.
Especially in wartime situations—in which control over many aspects of one's existence is so limited—a desire to protect others serves as an outlet for the need for some measure of control.
Some examples in the novel are Prior's fatherly feelings for his troops, and the way many of the patients hold Rivers to be a surrogate father figure. In Regeneration, the idea of parenthood is complicated by unorthodox gendering of protective roles.
A former patient of Rivers's refers to him as a "male mother. If that were true, then there was really very little hope.
Rivers's method of treatment requires an expression of emotions, a traditionally female idea. Yet although Rivers resents that nurturing is considered to be a uniquely female trait, he ultimately accepts the idea that he acts in a fatherly and motherly way to his patients.
For in the end, good parenthood involves care for the individual. Although war rejects such attention to the individual, as a doctor, Rivers makes his best effort to provide it.Pat Barker's Regeneration features among its leading characters two famous historical figures: the war poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen.
In the novel they meet, as they did in life, at.
The Regeneration, a novel by Pat Barker published in , draws on historical events, exploring the experiences of soldiers being treated for shell shock after the First World alphabetnyc.com includes first-person narratives taken from primary sources to .
The Reviews section is one of the most popular aspects of Extracellular Matrix (ECM) alphabetnyc.com on the ECM reviews board, you will find every review that has been featured in a past issue of the newsletter.
Dr. Hisashi Ito. Dr. Hisashi Ito, MD, PhD was born in Kyoto and graduated top of his class in Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine.
He became a resident in neurology in Kitano Hospital (Osaka), then he worked as a boarded neurologist in Kansai Medical University (Osaka). May 04, · Generally agreed to be the first of its kind, Thucydides’s history covers the war between Sparta and Athens, and though its accuracy remains moot – .
Regeneration is a historical and anti-war novel by Pat Barker, first published in The novel was a Booker Prize nominee and was described by the New York Times Book Review as one of the four best novels of the year in its year of publication.
Nathanael Gray, PhD - Researcher. Nathanael Gray received his PhD in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in He then moved to the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation in San Diego, where after serving as a staff scientist and group leader of kinase inhibitor chemistry, he was named director of biolog. Regeneration Homework Help Questions. What is a detailed summary, theme, and character about Pat Barker's novel Regeneration? Pat Barker's Regeneration offers insights into what the lives of her. Perserving our Heritage Level 1 Part 1, Moe Ccue C My Box-Spanish 6/Pk, Stone A Visit to the Suez Canal (), T. K. Lynch Ageing, health and care, Christina R. Victor Lighthouses and Lifesaving on Washington's Outer Coast, William S Hanable.