This village, located five kilometers from Yambuku, was chosen for detailed analysis of disease transmission.
Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. There are five strains, and four of them can make people sick. After entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them explode.
It wrecks the immune system, causes heavy bleeding inside the body, and damages almost every organ. How do you get it? You get Ebola from a person who has the virus, and only while he or she has symptoms.
People pass it to others through their body fluids. Blood, stool, and vomit are the most infectious, but semen, urine, sweat, tears, and breast milk also carry it. You could also pick it up from items that have fluids on them, like needles or sheets.
But kissing or sharing food or a drink with someone who has Ebola could be a risk, since you might get his saliva in your mouth. What are the symptoms? It can take from 2 to 21 days, but usually 8 to 10 days, after infection for signs of Ebola to appear.
Symptoms can seem like the flu at first -- sudden fever, feeling tired, muscle pains, headache, and sore throat. As the disease gets worse, it causes vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and bruising or bleeding without an injury, like from the eyes or gums.
There have been 33 Ebola outbreaks sincebut the outbreak in West Africa is by far the largest. The virus has infected thousands of people and killed more than half of them.
A man who traveled to the U. A nurse who helped treat him came down with Ebola. Is There a Vaccine for Ebola?
There is no approved medicine or vaccine to treat or prevent Ebola. Scientists have tested some drugs on animals, which seemed to work. Keep the person hydrated with fluids through an IV. Maintain their blood pressure. Treat any other infections they have. After Ebola Ebola survivors have certain proteins, called antibodies, in their blood that may protect them from the same strain of the virus for 10 years or more.
But no one knows if they can get sick from the other strains.
|Emerging Diseases by Ken Adachi (May )||False color scanning electron microscope image of a single filamentous Ebola virus particle Phylogenetic tree comparing ebolaviruses and marburgviruses.|
|TPL_asm2013_NAV_VIEW_SEARCH||False color scanning electron microscope image of a single filamentous Ebola virus particle Phylogenetic tree comparing ebolaviruses and marburgviruses. Numbers indicate percent confidence of branches.|
|WHO | Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease||The bats show no symptoms of the disease, indicating that they may be the main natural reservoirs of the Ebolavirus.|
How Can I Prevent It? The best way to avoid Ebola is to stay away from areas where the virus is common. If you are in an outbreak area:Ebola Outbreak: Student Discussion Guide Ebola virus disease (EVD), formally known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, has been causing worldwide concern as it infects people in countries out of West Africa, including the United States.
The recent treatment of two health workers infected with the Ebola virus with experimental medicine has raised questions about whether medicine that has never been tested and shown to be safe in people should be used in the outbreak, and, given the extremely limited amount of medicine available, if it is used, who should receive it.
The virus Ebola, or formally known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is something most, if not all, Americans have heard of in these past few months since it has taken American media by storm. Ebola is a severe, often fatal illness, with an astonishingly high case fatality rate.
By Mary Odum. Welcome to the arcane and short-sighted world of public health strategic planning. This post introduces the term surge capacity, a term we will hear often in the coming months of this growing Ebola (EVD) epidemic.
The ongoing Ebola virus outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has similar epidemiological features to previous Ebola virus disease outbreaks. Early detection, rapid patient isolation, contact tracing, and the ongoing vaccination programme should sufficiently control the outbreak.
The forecast of the number of cases does not exceed the current capacity to respond if the. In the 20th Century more people died from viral infections than from all the wars around the globe. The Virus Empire takes a look at how deadly infections like SARS have warped to become scourges like Ebola.